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Low Back Pain is one of the world’s most common symptoms. It causes more global disability than any other disease!

Low back pain is the common term we use to describe a symptom, but it does not tell us the CAUSE/WHY the pain is there from the beginning. A disc injury is a common term that we hear, and here are some key characteristics that can determine if you have a disc lesion.

  1. Pain is worse in the morning than at night. This is because discs hydrate during the night, which can increase the size of the disc, pushing the surrounding nerves

  2. There is associated leg pain (Pins and needles, numbness, muscle weakness may also be present)

  3. The pain goes all the way down into the calf or heel

  4. Bending forward causes the most pain/Bending forward and twisting is the mechanism of injury

The pain in the legs can somewhat guide us into which area of the low back may be injured. For example, a L4/5 disc lesion may have toe weakness with glute/lateral leg pain where as a L5/S1 lesion can present with ankle weakness with glute/hamstring/heel pain. Understanding the location of the pain means that we can address it as soon as possible before symptoms get worse.

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